Your most regular contact with a doctor will be with your own general practitioner, but you may also come across hospital doctors with specialist names. These are some examples:-
- Cardiologist - specialist in the heart. There are also cardiac (or cardio-thoracic) surgeons.
- Endocrinologist - specialist dealing with hormones.
- ENT surgeon - specialist in ear, nose and throat (may also be called otorhinolaryngology).
- General surgeon - general surgery includes operations for hernias, varicose veins, haemorrhoids etc. There are specialties within general surgery eg. vascular surgery.
- Geriatrician - specialist in the health needs of elderly people.
- Gynaecologist - specialist in women's reproductive health.
- Neurologist - specialist in the brain and nervous system.
- Obstetrician - specialist in pregnancy and childbirth (usually combines with Gynaecologist).
- Oncologist - cancer specialist.
- Ophthalmologist - specialist in the eye.
- Oral surgeon - specialist in surgery of the mouth and face.
- Orthopaedic surgeon - surgeon dealing with bones and joints.
- Paediatrician - specialist in child health.
Plastic surgeons have an important role in the treatment of burns and accident victims.
- Plastic surgeon - specialist in reconstructive and cosmetic surgery.
- Psychiatrist - medical specialist in mental health.
- Radiologist - doctor specialising in X-rays, nuclear medicine and other imaging techniques for diagnosis and treatment.
- Rheumatologist - specialist in the joints and muscles.
- Urologist - specialist in the bladder and urinary system.